Museum Stobæanum included a collection of artefacts, mostly cultural-historical and ethnographic objects from Asia, Greenland, Sápmi (Lapland) and America as well as scientific instruments and models. The inventory from 1759 lists more than 109 objects. A few archaeological stone artefacts were originally classified as lapides arte elaborati and were regarded as part of the natural history collections. Unlike the geological collections, which grew rapidly after Stobaeus’s donation, the number of ethnographic artefacts at the museum remained mostly the same. Only a handful of objects were added in the late 18th century. All these objects formed the base of the Lund University Historical Museum established at the initiative of Anders Jahan Retzius in 1805.
Research in the archives documented that many artefacts from Museum Stobaeanum previously considered as lost are still in the collections, albeit mislabeled or wrongly classified. The most interesting artefacts are the Egyptian mummy excavated by Carl Frederik von Höpken and Edvard Carleson in Saqqara in 1734, Chinese objects from the first expeditions of the Swedish East India Company and donated by its director and supercargo Colin Campbell, and North American artefacts, such as river cane basket, idol pendant, wampum and stone tools possibly brought by the pastor Samuel Hesselius.